The Department of Urology, Nephrology and Andrology of Kharkiv National Medical University was founded in February 1938 by Professor Ashot Mikhailovich Gasparyan.
The educational activity of the department consists in teaching the disciplines “Urology” for 4th-year students, “Nephrology” for 5th-and 6th-year students, the elective course “fundamentals of Andrology” for 5th-year students, as well as other disciplines and elective courses. In addition, the department trains interns, clinical residents, postgraduates, doctoral students, as well as doctors – students of advanced training courses of Educational and Scientific Institute for Postgraduate Training of KhNMU.
The scientific work of the department includes research and implementation of modern aspects of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the urinary and male reproductive system such as urolithiasis, urinary tract infections, neoplasms of the genitourinary tract, chronic kidney disease and acute renal damage, male infertility and erectile dysfunction, etc. Much attention is also paid to methodological work, which is inextricably linked with academic and scientific work. Employees of the Department prepare and publish monographs, textbooks, methodological recommendations on Urology, Nephrology, Andrology, Transplantology, as well as take part in the preparation of national textbooks.
The main clinical base of the department is the Regional Medical Clinical Center of Urology, Nephrology and Andrology named after V. I. Shapoval. The staff of the department is an organic part of the Center’s staff, which ensures the active implementation of scientific achievements in clinical practice. The department participates in international multicenter studies of the effectiveness and safety of medicines. Scientific and practical conferences are regularly held, including those with international participation, days of nephrologist and urologist for doctors of the city and region.
- History of the department
- Educational process
- Scientific work
- Clinical work
- International activities
- Postgraduate education
For the first time in Left-Bank Ukraine, the Department of Urology was founded in February 1938 at the Kharkiv Medical Institute by a student of Professor R. M. Fronstein and director of this institute Ashot Mikhailovich Gasparyan.
It is known that for the first time at the Medical Faculty of this educational institution, Professor I.K. Zarubin began to give a course of lectures on genitourinary diseases in 1871. Since 1895, Professor A.G. Podrez taught the course “diseases of the genitourinary organs” for 2 hours a week at the hospital clinic.
Educational work at the department is to prepare students from 4th to 6th year in the framework of educational and professional programs “Medicine”, “Pediatrics”, as well as 3rd year in the program “Technologies of medical diagnosis and treatment”.
The educational process takes place on the clinical bases of the department – Regional Medical Clinical Center of Urology and Nephrology n. a. V.I. Shapoval and the University Clinic. Both classical and modern teaching methods are used in the training of students using computer technologies, test programs, distance learning technologies Moodle, Zoom, Google Meet and Google Classroom, as well as simulation teaching methods.
The department teaches both compulsory and elective educational components. “Urology” for 4th year students and “Nephrology” for 5th and 6th year students are required. Applicants of program “Pediatrics” study “Urology with features of childhood” and “Nephrology”, respectively. The educational component “Urology with evaluation of research results” is taught to applicant’s program “TMDL”.
A wide range of optional components is provided. For students of the 5th year of study the course ” Basics of Andrology” is elective, for students of the 6th year of study – elective courses “Endoscopic technologies in medicine”, ” Basics of transplantology”, “Actual questions of nephrology”. There is also a student scientific group on andrology at the department. Employees of the department took part in the creation of a national textbook on urology, published about 10 textbooks and more than 50 guidelines for students and interns.
The scientific work of the department consists in an integrated approach to solving modern problems of urology, nephrology, andrology and transplantology. Modern aspects of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the urinary and male reproductive system such as urolithiasis, urinary tract infections, neoplasms of the genitourinary tract, chronic kidney disease and acute renal damage, male infertility and erectile dysfunction are being implemented in clinical practice.
Clinical work is carried out by the staff of the department on the basis of clinical departments of the Regional Clinical Center of urology and nephrology named after V.I. Shapoval, namely General Urological Department #1, Department of kidney transplantation #2, Department of minimally invasive methods of treatment #3, Department of oncourology #5, Department of urogenital tuberculosis #6, Department of Andrology #8 and Department of nephrology and peritoneal dialysis #10, as well as on the basis of the University Clinic of KhNMU. 4 departments of Center are headed by professors and associate professors of the department; the rest have a cathedral curator.
All employees of the department take a direct part in the diagnostic and treatment process of the Center, lead patients, are on duty at the center, air ambulance, home counseling, participate in clinical reviews, conferences, meetings, “specialist days”, provide advice in other departments of the Center, medical institutions of the city and region.
On the initiative and with the direct participation of the department staff, the Center introduced a number of new modern diagnostic and therapeutic methods, including unique ones that do not have world analogues, in particular: ultrasound and X-ray examination of the genitourinary system; fine-needle prostate biopsy, kidney biopsy; percutaneous aspiration puncture of kidney cysts; diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, treatment of prostatitis and infertility of men; treatment of impotence, including by endophaloprosthetics; remote and contact crushing of kidney stones, ureters, bladder; transurethral resection of Superficial Bladder Cancer, adenoma and prostate cancer on endoscopic equipment; endoscopic “cold dissection” of urethral and ureter strictures; treatment of genitourinary tuberculosis; radical removal of the bladder with the formation of an artificial bladder with the preservation of natural urination; radical removal of the prostate gland in its cancer; performing peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis, as well as family kidney transplantation in patients with chronic renal failure.
On average, the Department’s staff treats and consults about 10,000 patients a year and performs more than 1,500 operations.
The Department’s staff are members of the European Association of urologists (EAU), the European Association of Human Reproductology and Embryology (ESHRE), and the European Association of Uroradiologists (ESUR).
The Department cooperates with leading European clinics, taking part in multicenter research in the fields of Neurourology, Oncourology, Andrology and Reproductology, Nephrology and Renal Replacement Therapy. Participation in more than 30 such programs allows scientists of the department to receive numerous grants, thanks to which they complete internships in leading clinics in Europe and America.
Within the framework of international cooperation, applicants from near and far abroad are trained and trained at the Department. Also, foreign teachers are involved in the educational process at the Department.
As part of postgraduate training, the department trains interns in the specialty “Urology”, as well as related cycles for interns of other specializations “Urology”, “Emergency Urology” and “Transplantology”. Applicants can also improve their professional level in a clinical residency in the specialty “Urology”.
The department conducts cycles of thematic improvement of doctors “Kidney damage in the practice of a family doctor”, “Minimally invasive methods of treatment in urology”, “Male infertility”, “Erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory disorders” and specialization courses in the specialty “Nephrology”.
Doctors of Philosophy and Doctors of Sciences are being trained. Over the past ten years, applicants of the Department have defended 7 doctoral and 11 PhD theses.
Circle leader – Professor of the Department, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor.
Members of the student scientific circle – students of 4-6 courses of medical faculties, the composition is updated annually
Format of the event – face-to-face or distance meetings (Zoom, Google Meet)
At the meetings, the teacher introduces students to interesting and new approaches in the diagnosis and treatment of mainly andrological diseases. Students with search results and mini-presentations. After the speeches, discussions take place.