The Otorhinolaryngology Department at Kharkiv National Medical University was founded in 1922 as one of the first independent clinics in Ukraine. The main forces of the department’s activities include: educational, scientific, methodological, medical-diagnostic and advisory work.
The educational activity of the department is to prepare students of the IV course of KNMU in the subject “Otorhinolaryngology”: medical faculties in the specialty “Medicine” and “Otorhinolaryngology with peculiarities of childhood”; Dentistry faculty with a degree in “Dentistry”, English-speaking students of the VI and VII faculty for the preparation of foreign students in the specialty “Medicine” and “Dentistry”. Also, the Otorhinolaryngology Department provides training for clinical residents, masters, graduate students, interns.
- History of the department
- Department today
- Educational work
- Scientific work
- Treatment work
- Postgraduate education
For the first time on the left-bank Ukraine, the Department of Otorhinolaryngology was founded at the Kharkiv Medical Institute on 10.04.1922. Its organizer and first head was professor S.G. Surukchi.
Dr. S.G. Surukchi attended lectures of professors Stork’a, Politzer’a, Barani, worked in the clinics of prominent luminaries Hajek’a, Urbantschitsch’a. He perfectly mastered the technique of bronchoesophagoscopy. 460 operations were performed from 1922 to 1923.
Stepan Gavrilovich invited the best otolaryngologists in Kharkiv to work in the clinic – Ya.A. Galperin, S.А. Tikhomirova, S.N. Yaralova, A.V. Virabova, I.M. Frishman, M.A. Zuckerman and other. Associate Professor S.А. Tikhomirov proposed a successful model of a spatula for direct laryngoscopy.
In 1923, through the efforts of S.G. Surukchi Kharkiv otolaryngologists were united into a unified scientific, practical and methodological society.
The scientific direction of the department includes improving the efficiency of diagnosis and treatment of patients with ENT pathology using an endoscopic stand, a surgical laser, and a shaver. In order to improve the anti-relapse therapy of chronic polyposis rhinosinusitis, a technique for using a bacterial autovaccine has been developed. For more active treatment of chronic hypertrophic pharyngitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, cryosurgical techniques are used, various modifications, designs, the tips of which are proposed and protected by a patent, surgical laser and radio wave influence.
Scientific and educational activities are closely related to methodological work – the preparation and publication of monographs, textbooks, guidelines for otorhinolaryngology.
The department participates in international research to study the effectiveness and safety of drugs. The clinical bases of the department are the departments of head and neck surgery of the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “Regional Clinical Hospital”, the Scientific and Practical Medical Center of the KNMU, the Military Medical Clinical Center of the Northern Region of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, as well as the medical center of the limited liability company “Nebosvid”. Together with the staff of the Department of Head and Neck Surgery, conferences and methodological sessions, open workshops and lectures, specialist days for otorhinolaryngologists, family doctors of the city and region are held.
The site contains video lectures on otorhinolaryngology. The site was created to improve the efficiency of self-training of students, interns, clinical residents, masters, graduate students. To view lectures and presentations on our website, your browser must support HTML 5.
The department conducts educational and pedagogical work on the basis of the head and neck surgery department of the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “Regional Clinical Hospital”, on the basis of the ESMC “UC” KNMU, the Military Medical Clinical Center of the Northern Region of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the medical center of the limited liability company ” Nebosvit “. The pedagogical work of the department is to prepare students of the IV course of the Medical Faculty the specialty “Medicine” and “Otorhinolaryngology with special children’s age”, students of the IV course of the Dentistry Faculty in the specialty “Dentistry”, English-speaking students of the IV course of the VI and VII faculty for the preparation of foreign students in the specialty “Medicine” and “Dentistry”, students of the IV course of the VI and VII faculty for the preparation of foreign students in the specialty “Medicine” and “Dentistry”.
In order to improve the quality of the educational process, the department has developed methodological materials for IV year students of the VI faculty for the preparation of foreign students in the specialty “Medicine” and “Dentistry”. In cooperation with the Department of Biomedical Engineering KNURE, a curriculum and a program for monitoring and assessing students’ knowledge in the course of otorhinolaryngology have been developed. 70 guidelines were issued for students and interns.
To prepare students for the KROK-2 licensed test exam, trainings are systematically conducted.
Students of medical and dental faculties work in the department of head and neck surgery directly with patients with ENT pathology.
At the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, interns in the specialty “Otorhinolaryngology” study on a full-time cycle. The correspondence cycle in this specialty, interns are held on the basis of the head and neck surgery department of the MNPE KRC “RCH”.
On the basis of the ENT clinic, a related cycle of postgraduate education of family doctors in the specialty “Otorhinolaryngology” has been organized.
– scientific interests of the department – improvement and development of diagnostically therapeutic and prophylactic agents in the rehabilitation of patients with ENT pathology using the latest technologies. Determination of respiratory and olfactory disorders in patients with chronic diseases of the nose.
– topics of scientific research, research work of the department –
616.211 / .229: 616.28 / .228-07-08-084-036.838, Improvement and development of diagnostic and therapeutic and prophylactic agents in the rehabilitation of patients with ENT pathology using the latest technologies, 2019-2021.
On the basis of the Kharkiv National University of Radio Electronics State Budgetary Theme No. 315-1
Theoretical foundations and the concept of diagnosis and treatment of conditions that threaten human life, fundamental work. 01.01.2017-31.12.2019. At the expense of the state budget.
616.211 + 616.216-002.1 / .2-003.6-02-092-036-07-08 (047.31) Study and modeling of acute and chronic pathological processes of ENT organs to increase the effectiveness of their treatment, 2016-2018.
0113U002271 Clinical and laboratory substantiation of the use of drug and non-drug methods of treatment of the most common ENT diseases and associated somatic pathology. 2013-2015.
– PhD training, Shaposhnikova Veronika Ilyinichna. Irrigation therapy with essential oils for patients with chronic atrophic rhinitis, 2017-2021.
Doctors of Science, Shushlyapina Natalya Olegivna. Methods for diagnosing functional disorders of the nasal cavity and planning surgical correction, 2015-2022.
The clinical bases of the department are the departments of head and neck surgery of the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “Regional Clinical Hospital”, the Educational and Scientific Medical Center of the KhNMU, the Military Medical Clinical Center of the Northern Region of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, as well as the medical center of the limited liability company “Nebosvid”. The staff of the department carry out surgical interventions on the ENT organs. Nose and paranasal sinuses: reduction and reposition of the nasal bones in fractures; surgical methods for stopping nasal bleedings; various types of endonasal surgery, including opening the paranasal sinuses; sanitizing operations on the maxillary, ethmoidal, frontal, sphenoid cavities; open and closed rhinoseptoplasty; plastic surgery on the maxillofacial area. Pharynx, larynx, neck: adenotomy; tonsillectomy; revision of paratonsillar, parapharyngeal abscesses, neck cellulitis; upper, middle, lower tracheotomy; excision of neck cysts. Ear surgery: ear polypotomy; tympanic membrane paracentesis; antrotomy, antromastoidotomy, antromastoidectomy; tympanic cavity shunting; open and closed tympanoplasty; stapedoplasty; radical sanitizing ear surgery; plastic surgery on the ear. Physical factors are widely used in the treatment of ENT diseases: therapeutic and surgical lasers, ultrasound therapy, aromatherapy. Functional endoscopic surgical interventions are performed on the paranasal sinuses and larynx.
Internship course in the specialty “Otolaryngology” (2 years of study)
Teaching of interns at the Otorhinolaryngology Department of KNMU is carried out in accordance with the “Standard curriculum and program of specialization (internship) of graduates of higher medical educational institutions of III-IV levels of accreditation” in “Otolaryngology”, approved by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine in 2018.
The standard curriculum for teaching internes in the specialty “Otolaryngology” for a two-year period (22 months – 3432 hours) of the internship provides: 12 months (1872 hours) – training at the Otorhinolaryngology Department and related departments and 10 months (1560 hours) – on the basis of internship.
Training consists of classroom (lectures, practical classes, conferences) and independent extracurricular work (supervision of patients, duties, participation in patient visits by the professor of the department, the head of the department, work with patients in the examination room, etc.). The work of the Otorhinolaryngology Department of KNMU is aimed at improving the training of specialists in internships in the specialty “Otolaryngology”.