The scientific direction of the department includes the study of the influence of maternal-fetal infection on the morphological structure of the respiratory, gastrointestinal, endocrine, cardiovascular systems of the fetus and newborn to expand pathological knowledge and develop pathogenetically based preventive measures.
In addition to scientific activities, effective methodological work is carried out, the creation and publication of guidelines for students and methodological guidelines for teachers (in Ukrainian and English), an album for practical classes in pathomorphology for students of medical and dental faculties in two languages (in Ukrainian, English) with original microphotographs has been created and published. In 2019, the staff of the department published the second edition of the textbook “Pathomorphology” for English-speaking students. The teachers of the department actively participate in methodological and scientific-practical conferences, including international (USA, France, Great China, Italy, etc.), in international internships in European countries, etc.
Clinical bases of the department:
- Department of pathological anatomy in the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “Regional Clinical Hospital”.
- Department of pathological anatomy in the municipal non-profit enterprise “City Clinical Emergency Hospital named after prof. O.I. Meshchaninov”.
- Department of pathological anatomy in the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “Regional clinical specialized dispensary of radiation protection of the population”.
- Department of pathological anatomy in the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “City Perinatal Center”.
Private enterprise “Consultative polyclinic”.
The Department of Pathological Anatomy was founded in 1867. The first head of this department was Vilém Dušan Lambl (years of life: 1824–1895), but the teaching of pathological anatomy was carried out in 1861, when he began to deliver lectures on this subject.
The department employs 18 teachers. All teachers have the academic degree of candidate or doctor of medical sciences, of which 5 have the academic title of professor and 11 have the academic title of associate professor. 6 teachers have a B2 level certificate and one C1 level teacher in English according to the Common European Recommendations for Language Education, 9 teachers have a second higher pedagogical education. In 2018, 7 teachers of the department were trained at the seminar to improve knowledge of Ukrainian-speaking professional competence and received a certificate.
The department trains students of the first bachelor’s level of education in educational and professional programs “Nursing”, “Physical therapy, ergotherapy”, “Laboratory diagnostics” and teaches the main educational components: “Pathomorphology and pathophysiology”, “Pathomorphology with sectional course”, “Basics of general pathology “; for the second master’s level of education in educational and professional programs “Medicine”, “Dentistry”, “Pediatrics”, the main educational components are: “Pathomorphology”, “Pathomorphology with special features of childhood” and selected educational components “Sectional-biopsy course”, “Contemporary issues of clinical pathology”, “Clinical pathology”, as well as training of applicants for the third level of education “Doctor of Philosophy” (PhD) in the educational and scientific program “Medicine” (specialty “Pathology”). Modern teaching methods are used, such as the Moodle KNMU and the USMLE-RX Step1 program, etc.
Scientific interests of the department – prenatal and perinatal pathology.
Topics of scientific research, Research work of the department
“Influence of maternal-fetal infection on embryogenesis and fetogenesis of descendants” (clinicopathologic research) (2015–2019).
“Pathological anatomy of the fetus and newborn in maternal-fetal infection” (2020–2024).
PhD and DSc training: full-time postgraduate student Talapova P.S. is carrying out Ph.D. thesis for a degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Defense of dissertations: in the period of time from 2018 to 2021 three theses for a Doctor’s degree (Kihtenko E.V., Myroshnychenko М.S., Potapov S.M.) and four Ph.D. theses (Sakal H.O., Zvierieva I.S., Baranova M.S., Tovazhnianska V.D.) were defended.
Participation in research projects, including international. The staff of the department takes active participation in research projects organized by the institutions of practical health care of the Kharkiv region of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Medical Sciences, as well as institutions of other ministries and departments what is evidenced by the existence of 12 agreements of scientific and practical cooperation.
Scientific production of the department (patents, monographs, articles, etc.). In the period of time from 2018 to 2021 the staff of the department made a translation from English into Ukrainian of 2 volumes of the textbook “Robbins Basic Pathology”; a textbook for English-speaking students “Pathomorphology” was published; 6 chapters in collective monographs were published; 156 articles in domestic and foreign scientific journals were published; 5 patents for invention and utility model were received; 86 abstracts in the materials of All-Ukrainian and international conferences, and congresses were published.
Scientific and practical conferences held by the department. In the period of time from 2018 to 2021 the staff of the department held 8 scientific and practical conferences for students and young scientists of Kharkiv National Medical University. Also, the staff of the department actively participated in the organization of the All-Ukrainian Olympiad in pathomorphology.
Participation in international projects: in 2018 professor Harhin V.V. took part in the international project organized by the Medical University (Vienna, Austria), the purpose of which was to study the links of the pathogenesis in malignant tumors.
Participation in international associations: the staff of the department of pathological anatomy are members of the International Academy of Pathology, European Association of Pathologists, the European Association of children Nephrologists and European Network of Gastrointestinal Pathologists.
International association agreements are absent.
International grants: in the period of time from 2018 to 2021 the staff of the department received 7 international grants (grantor – American-Austrian Fund, Threat Reduction Agency of the US Department of Defense, international organization “The Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics”).
Probation: the staff of the department worked on probation in Austria (Harhin V.V.), Holland (Bocharova T.V.), France (Myroshnychenko М.S.), the Netherlands (Talapova P.S.), Poland (Potapov S.M., Kaluzhina O.V.).
Attraction of foreign teachers and opportunities for academic mobility – absent.
The clinical work of the department of pathological anatomy is carrying out at clinical units:
• Department of pathological anatomy in the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “Regional Clinical Hospital”
• Department of pathological anatomy in the municipal non-profit enterprise “City Clinical Emergency Hospital named after prof. O.I. Meshchaninov”
• Department of pathological anatomy in the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “Regional clinical specialized dispensary of radiation protection of the population”
• Department of pathological anatomy in the municipal non-profit enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council “City Perinatal Center”
• Private enterprise “Consultative polyclinic”.
5 professors, 11 associate professors, 1 assistant are involved in the clinical work.
15 pathologists of the department have the highest medical qualify, 2 pathologists have the first medical qualify.
The department staff in clinical units annually perform and consult about 300 autopsies and more than 15,000 biopsies. At the department, there is city advisory center that provides consultation service to medical and preventive institutions of the city, region and other cities of Ukraine.
The staff of the department (professors, associate professors, assistants) monthly participate in the preparation and carrying out general hospital clinical and anatomical conferences as well as specialized and department conferences as chairmen, reporters and speakers.
Together with doctors of clinical units the staff of the department take part in the “Specialist Days”, conduct reviewing conferences as speakers and reporters.
Permanently bimonthly at the department of pathological anatomy meetings of the community of pathologists are held. These meetings are devoted to the analysis of the sectional material and topical questions of pathological anatomy.
The staff of the department annually improve their medical qualifications – they take thematic improvement courses on topical issues of pathological anatomy, improve the medical qualify.
Professors and associate professors of the department in prosectoriums of clinical units perform up to 30 demonstrative autopsies and 25 demonstrative preparations of surgical and biopsy material.
The staff of the department constantly provide consultary assistance to researchers of clinical departments at fulfilment of morphological parts of dissertations.
Every year new methods of pathological diagnostics are implemented into the work of prosectoriums.
On continuing basis lectures about topical issues of medicine are given for doctors-pathologists of basic prosectoriums and population.
Head of the student scientific society at the Department of Pathological Anatomy – Prof., MD Gubina-Vakulik G.I. This guide is with the help of prof. kaf. pathological anatomy, MD Kikhtenko O.V.
The general meeting of the circle is the first, ie organizational, takes place at the beginning of each school year. But the group includes not only third-year students who study pathological morphology during the 5th-6th semesters, but also senior students. In the future, students in the performance of research consult with supervisors in a free schedule. In the same way is writing a thesis or article, making a presentation.
Topics of student research are diverse: 1) it is a fragment of research performed by an employee of the department and 2) self-directed experiment. The beginning of the work on the given topic is the study of scientific literature, then microscopic research with obligatory morphometry, statistical processing of morphometry results and formulation of conclusions.
The Department of Pathological Anatomy holds abstract student scientific conferences with reports on interesting topics of pathological anatomy. And the results of independent research students who have completed their work, report at the student scientific conference of KhNMU or other universities, in other cities of Ukraine or even abroad.