The Department of Medicine of Catastrophes and Military Medicine was established at the Kharkiv National Medical University on the basis of the Department of Extreme and Military Medicine to teach military and military-medical disciplines.
Historically, the department, under different names, has existed since May 1932, when the Department of Military Sanitary Disciplines was established at the Kharkiv Medical Institute. With the outbreak of World War II, in September 1941, as part of the institute, the department was evacuated to the city of Chkalov (now Orenburg). Since 1948 the department has been called the Department of Special Training, since 1954 it has been renamed the Military of Department. In 1996, the department was renamed the Department of Extreme Situations and Military Medicine, and since 2003 the department has been renamed the Department of Medicine of Catastrophes and Military Medicine.
The department provides military training for students according to the training program of medical service reserve officers.
Students gain knowledge in the following disciplines: “Premedical care in emergency situations”, “General military training and methods of working with personnel”, “General tactics”, “Organization of medical support of troops”, “Medical care for the wounded in the pre-hospital stage”, “Military toxicology, radiology and medical protection”».
Students of medical faculties study at the University:
– Kharkiv National Medical University,
– Medical Faculty of Kharkiv National University. V. N. Karazin,
– Faculty of Pharmacy, National University of Pharmacy.
In addition, the department also teaches military-oriented disciplines:
– “Life safety. Basics of bioethics and biosafety”,
– “Pre-edical aid in extreme situations”,
– “Fundamentals of the organization of medical support of the population and troops.”
Teaching is conducted in Ukrainian and English.
Published more than 80 educational and methodical works – manuals, recommendations, instructions, including “Creative activity of the teacher, ways to form pedagogical skills”, “Medical company of mechanized brigade”, “Special processing”, “Dosimetric control”, “Nuclear weapons and means of protection from it”, “Transport accidents”, “Accidents at nuclear power plants, their medical and tactical characteristics”, “Organization of sanitary and hygienic measures in the emergency”, “Educational process and principles of its organization at the Departments of Medicine of Catastrophes and Military Medicine, methods and types of training”, “Military toxicology”, “Accidents at chemically dangerous sites, their medical and tactical characteristics”, “Organizational bases of medical support of the population in the system of the State Service of Disaster Medicine”, “Indication of toxic substances”. Assessment of the chemical situation”, “Planning of medical and sanitary provision of the population during emergencies” etc. in Ukrainian and English.
Directions of scientific research
The main topic of the scientific plan of the department is “Study of individual-typological features of human adaptation to intellectual and physical activity”, and the initiative topic – “Study of the dynamics of military-professional adaptation of cadets to the conditions of military higher education.”
By order of the Command of the Medical Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, employees of the department participate in the development of projects:
– “Regulations on military training of students at the departments of disaster medicine and military medicine of medical universities under the program of training of reserve officers and their postgraduate training”,
– “Training programs for reserve officers of the medical service from among students of medical institutions of higher education”.
The department cooperates with the Command of the Medical Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Ukrainian Military Medical Academy, the Military Medical Clinical Center of the Northern Region, regional units of the Disaster Medicine Service, clinical, sanitary and epidemiological institutions of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. and military personnel in peacetime and in emergencies.
140 graduates of the Department of Medicine Catastrophes and Military Medicine of Kharkiv National Medical University (KhNMU) successfully completed the training program for reserve officers and solemnly took the Military Oath of Allegiance to the Ukrainian people. For 4 years, students of KhNMU, Kharkiv National University named after Vasily Karazin and the National Academy of Pharmacy persistently studied the case of military medicine. Practical classes and military training meetings were held on the basis of military units.
At the same time, the experience of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in conducting the anti-terrorist operation was taken directly from military doctors who several years was in the area of hostilities. This fact mobilized them to positive training and understanding of the importance of the work of a military medic.
In May of this year, our students improved their practical knowledge at a military training fees held at the Military Institute of Tank Troops of NTU “KhPI”. Then they passed the final exams.
Leaders of three Kharkiv universities, representatives of veterans’ organizations, officers-teachers and relatives of graduates of the military department were present at the ritual of dedication in the defenders of Ukraine.
The cadets of the Military Institute of Tank Troops of NTU “KhPI” and the brass band of the Ivan Kozhedub Kharkiv National University of the Air Force provided a solemn moment of taking the Military Oath.
Graduates receive the military rank of “second lieutenant of the medical service of reserve”, which will allow them to serve in the Armed Forces of Ukraine or other military formations of Ukraine.