Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 2 of Kharkiv National Medical University was organized in 1997 on the basis of the Department of Hygiene of Nutrition, Pediatric Hygiene, Department of Community Hygiene and Occupational Hygiene.
The main activities of the department include educational, methodological, scientific, and organizational work.
The educational process at the Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 2 is carried out in several areas: training of applicants of the first bachelor’s level, second master’s level and specialists of the third educational and qualification level of doctors of philosophy. Teaching is conducted in Ukrainian, Russian and English. Classes with students are held in the classrooms of the department.
The Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 2, in accordance with industry standards of higher education, consistently implements a priority paradigm for ecologization of the educational process, which will contribute to the formation of professionally oriented sanitary and hygienic, clinical and ecological knowledge base and competencies of students of higher medical education and is a necessary condition for Ukraine’s transition to a model of sustainable social development with the involvement of modern innovative educational trends and methodological approaches to resource saving.
- History of the department
- Educational process
- Scientific work
- International Activity
- Postgraduate education
In 1923, the first Department of Occupational Hygiene was founded at the medical faculty of the Kharkiv Medical Institute (KhMI). A famous hygienist, Professor Ezro Moiseevich Kagan (1887-1948) was the founder of the department and its first head. The creation of the Department of Occupational Hygiene was due to the need to train medical personnel for the practical fight against high levels of occupational diseases and injuries. The first teachers were Z.D. Gorkin, M.S. Karminsky, S.V. Miller, V.K. Navrotsky, Ya.D. Sakhnovsky.
The department begins its work with the development of educational instructions for practical lessons, production of illustrated tools, creation of textbooks and training programs. The student training program developed by the department in 1928 was approved as a base for higher educational institutions of Ukraine. “Course of lectures” by Professor EM Kagana has been used for many years as a major publication for students.
The department trains students according to educational and professional programs:
1st bachelor’s degree in specialties:
227 «Physical therapy, ergotherapy»
231 «Social work»
224 «Technologies of medical diagnostics and treatment»
2nd master’s level in specialties:
224 «Technologies of medical diagnostics and treatment»
227 « Physical therapy, ergotherapy »
281 «Public management and administration»
229 «Public health»
011 «Educational, pedagogical sciences»
The third educational and scientific level of higher education of doctors of philosophy in the specialty 222 “Medicine”, 228 “Pediatrics”, 221 “Dentistry”, 224 “Technologies of medical diagnostics and treatment”.
The department studies the educational components (disciplines): “Hygiene and Ecology”, “Occupational Safety in the Field of Medicine”, “Fundamentals of Occupational Safety”, “Nutrition Science”, “Fundamentals of Dietetics”, ” Dietetics and Diet Therapy” , “Fundamentals of ecology”, “Human ecology, toxicology, physiology and biochemistry of environmental stressors”, “Clinical environmental medicine”, “Social and environmental safety”, “Management of social and environmental safety”, “Formation of a healthy lifestyle” , “Management and presentation of scientific and educational projects”, “Fundamentals of patent science”, “Intellectual property and academic integrity”.
Modern interactive teaching methods are widely used in the training of students at the department, including the use of case methods, control units with gamification elements, MOODLE platform resources with thematic video files of YouTube video hosting, profile video resources of lectures and trainings of American Academy of Environmental Medicine, United States environmental protection agency, Centers for disease control and prevention, for visual perception of educational information, training and control modules Kahoot learning, etc. These techniques will contribute to the formation of skills and competencies of students to ensure effective mastering of methodological aspects of sanitary and hygienic supervision of the national economy, approaches to health and safety management in the field of medicine, creating safe, harmless and appropriate conditions of the working environment and occupational safety, according to current legislative and other normative legal acts, as well as formation of principles of rational nutrition and mechanisms of influence of nutrition on public health.
Elective courses are taught at the department: “Nutrition Science”, “Clinical Environmental Medicine”, “Fundamentals of Patent Science”, “Fundamentals of Dietetics”, “Fundamentals of Ecology”, “Formation of a healthy lifestyle”, “Fundamentals of Occupational Safety”.
In 2021, an interactive scientific and journalistic collection (electronic resource) “Human Ecology. Essays on the present” is introduced to the educational process at the department.
Today, the priority directions in the scientific activity of the department are scientific substantiation of methodological approaches to establishing prepathological states of professional burnout development in workers of socially significant professions taking into account the risk of burnout, nature of work, features of socio-demographic and individual-typological characteristics, mental health, types of personality and resistance to stress. This area has been implemented since 2011 in the framework of international cooperation with occupational medicine specialists in Germany, which facilitated the conclusion of a cooperation agreement between the Department of Occupational Medicine of the Medical Faculty of the Otto von Guericke University of Magdeburg (Germany), and the Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 2 with Department of Internal and Occupational Diseases of Kharkiv National Medical University. Currently, work is underway to test the method of early revealing of prepathological conditions, taking into account the psychophysiological status of the workers’ body.
Employees of the department completed the research work: “Establish early criteria for the diagnosis of burnout in workers of socially significant professions”, head Zavgorodniy I.V., deadlines 2018-2020, funded by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine at the expense of the State Budget, the number of state registration is 0118U000946. The research work is being performed in the framework of international scientific and technical cooperation with the Federal Republic of Germany.
Since January 2021, the employees of the department began research work “Substantiation of the criteria of pre-pathological conditions of burnout in health care workers”; the head of the research work is Zavgorodniy I.V., deadlines 01.01.2021-31.12. 2023, it is financed by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine at the expense of the State Budget, the number of state registration is 0121U110914.
The research work provides an in-depth study of the psychophysiological status of the body in health care workers (sensorimotor response, features of attention and cognitive activity; variability of sensorimotor reactivity under conditions of complex mental loads on the processing of visual and auditory information; memory characteristics, capacity for work and resistance to monotonous activity, with the establishment of the relationship of these characteristics with individual-typological characteristics of the individual depending on the degree of intensity of the labor process with further justification of the criteria of prepathological conditions of burnout in health care workers.
Also, in cooperation with the Kharkiv National University of Radio Electronics, research is being conducted to study the combined action of environmental factors, the peculiarities of the formation of adaptive biological effects, mechanisms of their manifestation; it is based on the method of fuzzy-c-means, which involves determining the most informative indicators and establishing the share of each of the factors in the overall biological effect.
Since 2019, within the framework of the agreement with the State Institution “S.P. Grigoriev Institute of Medical Radiology and Oncology” of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, experimental studies are being conducted to determine the effects of radioprotectors (S-getterylmodified thiols) under acute irradiation in combination with cold stress.
Experimental research on scientific topics is conducted in the scientific laboratory of the Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 2. The scientific laboratory is equipped with modern laboratory equipment for sanitary-hygienic, toxicological, biochemical, hematological and psychophysiological research.
The department conducts dissertation research for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, including:
Assistant Litovchenko O.L., correspondence graduate student, Faculty of Biology, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, on the topic “Peculiarities in the formation of biological effects under the influence of electromagnetic radiation in conditions of experimental cold stress”;
Assistant Shevchenko Yu. V., full-time graduate student of the State Institution “I.I. Mechnikov Institute of Microbiology and Immunology of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine” on the topic “Microbiological substantiation of the development of antiseptic compositions based on carbon dioxide hop extract for local treatment of burn wounds”.
At the department, within the framework of carrying out the research work by the assistant of the department Lalimenko OS, it is planned to write a dissertation for the degree of doctor of medical sciences on the topic “Hygienic substantiation of the system of early diagnosis and prevention of burnout in workers of socially significant professions”.
In 2021, assistant Shvets A.M. defended her dissertation for the degree of candidate of medical sciences on the topic: “Hygienic substantiation of measures for the prevention of diseases in teenagers and their professional self-determination”.
The results of the scientific activity of the department include an active participation in foreign scientific events, in particular, in the congress of the German Society of Medicine Wissenschaftliche Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmedizin und Umweltmedizin (DGAUM) Göttingen in 2012; Bregenz in 2013; Dresden in 2014; Munich in 2015 and 2018; Frankfurt in 2019; Yen 2021; Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE Third International Conference on Data Stream Mining & Processing (DSMP); MU-VARNA international partnerships forum digitization in education and health, Varna in 2021, MODALITII CONCEPTUALE DE DEVVOLTARE A ȘTIINȚEI MODERNE Bucharest in 2021. In addition, scientific achievements are presented at scientific and practical conferences: “Urgent issues of industrial hygiene and occupational pathology” (Kyiv), “Medicine of the third millennium” (Kharkiv), “Urgent issues of public health and environmental safety of Ukraine” (Marzeev reading) (Kyiv), “Cold in Biology and Medicine” (Kharkiv), “Urgent Problems of Preventive Medicine” (Lviv), “International Medical Congress of Students and Young Scientists” (Ternopil) and others.
The scientific achievements of the department include publications in editions indexed in scientometric databases Scopus and Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scimago Journal Ranking, professional scientific and practical domestic publications, participation in international scientific forums.
The results of scientific research of the department are drawn up as objects of intellectual property (patents for inventions, patents for utility models, copyright certificates for works, etc.), along with this, the results of research are implemented in the practice of Kharkiv Regional Laboratory Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Ministry of Health of Ukraine, Communal Non-profit Enterprise of the Kharkiv Regional Council”Center for Emergency Care and Disaster Medicine” of the Department of Health of the Kharkiv Regional State Administration, Research Institute of Biology of V.N. Karazin National University, as well as in the educational and methodological activities of the profile departments of M.I. Pirogov National Medical University in Vinnytsia, O. O. Bohomolets National Medical University.
The department holds an annual scientific-educational conference “Clinical Environmental Medicine. Production environment as a health-forming factor” with the involvement of specialists in labor and employment.
The international activity of the Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 2 is realized through participation in the international program of academic cooperation and exchange of scientists within the framework of the German Academic Exchange Program (DAAD). This project provided an opportunity to establish strong contact with academic colleagues from Otto von Guericke University (Germany, Magdeburg) and intensify cooperation with this institution. According to the project implementation program, at the Department of Occupational Medicine, Medical Faculty of Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg (Germany) under the leadership of the head of the department Prof. Dr. med. habil. Irina Böckelmann, a statistical processing of the contingent of people of socially significant professions was conducted, which allowed to identify potential risks of psycho-emotional burnout.
Specialists of the department are constantly improving their skills, undergoing international internships:
Associate Professor P.O. Korobchansky – Higher School of International Relations and Social Communications, Chelm (Poland) “Evaluation of the quality of education in higher education institutions of the European Union – the Polish experience” certificate No. 284 dated 15.09-30.10.2019;
Assistant T.V.Merkulova «Organization of the educational process, training program, innovative technologies and scientific work», June 11-29, 2018, 108 hours in Higher school of social and economic in Przeworsk, (Poland), certificate IFC-WSSG/ WK/2018-134.
Curator of interns’ groups at the Department of Hygiene and Ecology No.2 is assistant N.P. Bilychenko.
At the Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 2, training of scientific personnel who study in a one-year internship in the specialty “General Hygiene” graduates of higher medical educational institutions of III-IV levels of accreditation.
When working with interns at the department, they are guided by a standard curriculum and internship program for graduates of higher medical educational institutions of III-IV levels of accreditation in specialty “General Hygiene”, developed by order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine No. 81 dated February 23, 2005.
The department has created methodical recomendations for practical lessons, abstracts of lectures, a list of practical skills and a list of recommended literature. Based on them, as well as based on the Standard Plan and the results of checking the initial level of knowledge, interns develop individual work plans at the Department of Attachment and internship bases.
Interns master the forms and methods of organizational and methodical work of the doctor, planning and reporting of work, analysis of the dependence of the health of the child population on environmental factors, the development of sanitary and health-improving measures.
Classrooms for interns are equipped with projection equipment, visual aids and methodical materials. The department has 10 R-line computers, which are used for educational purposes to work on modern test programs developed by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine for doctors-interns in hygienic disciplines, which significantly increases the amount of training and improves the level of training of interns. In 2020, 3 interactive ceramic boards 1800*1250 (with software), 3 compact multimedia system units with monitor mounting, a liquid crystal short-focus projector (16:10; LCD; 3800 ANSI), etc. were purchased for work with students at the department.
Throughout the training period, interns gradually acquire practical skills in drawing up work plans of corresponding departments, processing legislative documents, filling in accounting reports and statistical data processing for the preparation of documents on the regulation of environmental factors, environmental health, educational conditions children’s population; principles of carrying out and the organization of hygienic, improving actions preventing negative action of factors of external environment; gave a hygienic assessment of the impact of environmental factors on the health of the population, which is reflected in scientific and practical works.
The base of the internship for the correspondence cycle is the State Institution “Kharkiv Regional Laboratory Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine”. Interns have the opportunity to be acquainted with modern research methods in full, to participate in monitoring, examination of children’s products, foods. Experienced, highly qualified hygienists who have the highest and first categories in their specialty are the heads of interns at the Kharkiv RLC of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.
Attestation of interns to determine knowledge and practical skills is carried out in accordance with the order of KhNMU No. 27-int dated 12.05.2021 “On attestation to determine the knowledge and practical skills of interns who complete 1-3-year internship”.
The examination commission for taking state exams in general hygiene for interns is approved in such a composition:
Chairman of the commission – Doctor of Medicine, Professor I.V.Zavgorodnii.
Secretary of the commission – Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor N.M. Filatova.
Members of the commission:
Vice-rector for scientific and pedagogical work of KhNMU – Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor I.V. Leshchyna
Director of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Postgraduate Education of KhNMU – Doctor of Medical Sciences V.V. Vyun
Acting Head of the Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 2 Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor M.O. Sydorenko
Associate Professor of Department of Hygiene and Ecology No.2 Candidate of Medical Sciences, D.P. Pertsev
Acting General Director of the State Institution “Kharkiv RLC of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine” L.S. Makhota
Head of the organizational department of the State Institution “Kharkiv RLC of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine” N.M. Antonenko.
Previously, interns undergo a computer control of knowledge on the basis of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Education Quality of KhNMU.
A cycle of TU “Selected issues of nutrition of healthy and sick people” is annually organized at the Department of Hygiene and Ecology No.2.
Scientific adviser of the student group – Doctor of Medicine, Professor Igor Volodymyrovych Zavgorodnii.
Responsible for the work of the scientific circle – Olena Leonidivna Litovchenko, assistant of the department.
Format of conducting:
The research circle is constantly working online (on the Google Meet platform) or during the experimental part of the research is at the department. In addition, once a week, for discussion of scientific activity, meetings of a circle under the direction of the scientific adviser and coordinators of scientific directions are spent.